A Guide to Vaping
More and more people are switching from regular cigarettes to e-cigarettes (electronic cigarettes) because it's a healthier alternative.
What is an E-Cigarette?
An E-Cigarette is an electronic tobacco smoking substitute that creates a vapour mist to replicate the experience of smoking a cigarette. There are many types available for those either starting, on a budget, or looking to splash out.
What are the benefits of E-Cigarettes versus regular cigarettes?
Regular cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, including 43 carcinogenic compounds and 400 other toxins. These include nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, as well as formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, arsenic and DDT.
E-cigarettes contain no ash, smoke, tar, or carcinogens and do not smell like regular cigarettes.
What is an atomiser?
It sits on top of an e-cigarette battery and vaporises a liquid that uses heat. It's usually self contained with a liquid so they're disposable but alternatives with replaceable coils are also available.
What is a coil?
The heart of your vaping device. These heating elements known as coils are there to turn your e-liquid into vapour. Generally with a manufactured coil we find a heating element encased in cotton. The cotton holds the liquid enabling it to be vaporised once you apply power to the coil from your battery.
When should I replace my coil?
Coils will need replacing periodically and the length of time this needs to be done will depend on a number of factors. Amount of device use, power settings, e-liquid and other factors all affect the coil life. Generally you would want to replace your coil as and when you encounter a burnt or poor taste from your atomiser.
What is priming a coil and how do I do it?
It is very important to make sure your coil is primed properly before first firing the device. To achieve this, please follow the following instructions:
- Drop some e-liquid onto the small holes in the side of your coil and let the cotton inside soak this up
- Refit the coil into your tank and fill with e-liquid
- Allow to sit for a few minutes to soak
- Take a few 'Primer Puffs' by pulling on the atomiser as if you were vaping but WITHOUT firing the device
- If your device has adjustable power, turn it down to a lower setting and fire it there first, working the power higher at intervals
- Huzzah, you should now have successfully primed your coil!
We have also made a video demonstrating how to prime coils on a selection of different tanks:
What is the difference between 'Mouth to Lung (MTL)' and 'Direct Lung (DL)' vaping?
These terms have come about due to the new technology available in vaping devices which are much more powerful than they used to be.
Mouth to lung devices are designed to mimic the effect of smoking, ie; drawing into your mouth and then to your lungs. The atomisers used for this provide a tight draw and are what new vapers should start with first to ween off smoking. These setups usually require far less power settings (wattage) than direct lung kits.
Direct lung devices are advanced setups that have atomisers with a much looser draw that require the use of your lungs directly to inhale. Much more vapour is produced and along with this also much more flavour. It is important to remember to reduce your nicotine content (usually to no more than 6mg), when using the devices and often users will also favour a higher VG liquid which is much smoother.
What is E-Liquid?
E-Liquid generally consists of four things: Propylene Glycol (PG) / Vegetable Glycerin (VG), flavoring and nicotine. There are unlimited combinations of liquids but eventually everyone finds something they like after trying a few out. They may prefer more PG for the throat hit or more VG for increased vapour production. You may favour a particular flavor (tobacco, menthol, fruits, vanilla, caramel, strawberry), some, lots, or no nicotine at all.
What nicotine strength should I go for?
The nicotine strength listed for e-liquid is the number of milligrams of nicotine per millilitre in a bottle. That means a 10ml bottle of 24mg nicotine E-Liquid would have 240mg of nicotine (24mg x 10ml).
If you smoke regular cigarettes (like a Marlboro Red), there is approximately 1.2mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 24mg of nicotine per pack (1.2mg x 20 cigarettes).
If you smoke light cigarettes (like a Marlboro Light), there is approximately 0.7mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 14mg of nicotine per pack (0.7mg x 20 cigarettes).
If you smoke Ultra Light cigarettes (like a Silk Cut), there is approximately 0.5mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 10mg of nicotine per pack (0.5mg x 20 cigarettes).
After you have made the transition to E-Cigarettes, you may want to try flavours of E-Liquids until you find a favorite to use. These include many fruits like strawberries, oranges, peaches, combined with cream, other fruits, tobacco, and many other possibilities.
Regular Cigarettes = E-cigarettes
Unfiltered = 24 mg
Regular = 18 mg
Light = 12 mg
Ultra-light = 6 mg
None = No, 0 mg
What is PG/VG Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerin (VG)?
PG and VG are the liquids that helps burn the nicotine to vapour, are both recognised as safe by the Food Standards Agency and are in many processed foods and cosmetics.
What is PG (Propylene Glycol)?
PG (Propylene Glycol) is tasteless and derived from plants. It is used in baked goods, medicines, and cosmetics. The liquid is thinner than VG. While VG produces more vapour, PG produces more throat hit, that some customers may or may not prefer. It may also cause some throat dryness.
What is VG (Vegetable Glycerin)?
VG (Vegetable Glycerin) tastes a little sweet but the flavour is too small for most people to detect. It's used in baked goods, sweeteners, and a filler in foods. The liquid is a bit thicker which helps produce a thicker and a lot more vapour cloud.
Most people should start out with a 50/50 mix which has been determined to be a very optimal blend. As you experience more with different juices that use different blends, you may want something with more VG for more vapour or more PG for throat hit with 60/40 mixes or even 70/30.
An important consideration though is if you have allergies or reactions to either PG or VG, although more common with PG, to buy a blend that uses less of that item.
What PG/VG split do your E-Liquids contain?
Our standard 'UK Made' VSB E-Liquids contain varying splits of PG/VG depending on the strength of nicotine – see below:
- 18mg - 60(PG) / 40(VG) - good throat hit / good vapour
- 12mg - 50(PG) / 50(VG) - mild throat hit / excellent vapour
- 6mg – 45(PG) / 55(VG) – slight throat hit / huge vapour
- 0mg - 40(PG) / 60(VG) - no throat hit / huge vapour
Our 'High VG UK Made' VSB E-Liquids contain either 70(VG) / 30(PG) or 80(VG) / 20(PG)
Battery and Coil Safety
Be sure to read our battery and coil safety guide here